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10/16/2016
Bests of Banknotes Treasury
 

Bests of Banknotes Treasury

Lots of banknotes with various colors and patterns are kept at Astan Quds Razavi's banknote treasury. In the past, all these banknotes were being used in different countries.
Among the existing banknotes, we take a look at the best pieces of this great collection.



One-Toman Banknote of the Qajar Era
This historical note is one of the second series of the first Iranian notes at the era of Qajar which was printed by the imperial bank of Persia since 1303/ 1924 up to 1311/ 1932. This bill's pattern includes an effigy of Naser al-Din Shah and watermark of lion and sun. The bill worth one Toman and it has been signed by Murray (Bank Director) and Walter (General Registrar of the Bank). The statement saying: "It can be given in Yazd only" printed on the bill means that the holder can change it into gold and silver coins only in one of the bank branches in Yazd.



Surcharged German Banknotes in the First World War
During the First World War (1914-1918) and to fight against the united front of Russia and Britain in the Middle East, the German government decided to provide the Iranian revolutionaries in Kermanshah and Hamedan with some amount of Germany's currency of that time. These amounts of money which were all given as grants were in form of 5 to 1000 Mark notes. Since Iranians of that time were not familiar with currency and language of Germans and did not know the worth of each bill, the German government calculated the value of each one Mark based on gold and silver and obtained the equivalent amount of it with Qeran,Shahi and Toman which were currencies of that time. The Germans, therefore, printed, with a red color, the value of each bill on it.



One-thousand-Rial Banknotes of Iran's Melli Bank
This bill was published at the time of Reza Shah Pahlavi (1925-1941) in Farvardin, 1317/1938. The bill was published in the US as ordered by Iran's Melli Bank. This 1000-Rial bill is considered as one of the most historical Iranian banknotes which has got a side view of the Shah and an image of Damavant mount on its front and back respectively. Signers of this bill which is as worthy as ten gold coins of Pahlavi era are Reza Qoli Amir Khosravi (Director of Melli Bank) and Abd al-Hussein Hazhir (government's inspector).



Ten-Billion Dollar Bill of Zimbabwe
This bill was published by Zimbabwe's central bank in 2008. Chiremba stones, dam and miner are the images of the front and back of this bill respectively. Nominal value of this country's bill varies from one cent to one hundred Trillion Dollars. This ten-billion dollar bill has got the highest nominal value among the banknotes of this collection, but its value is equivalent to 2.5 dollars, however.


50-Toman Bill of Azerbaijan's Democrat Party
This bill belongs to Azerbaijan's Democratic Party which declared its autonomy and published treasury bills after the Second World War and at the time of Soviet Union's presence in Iran's North West. Seyyed Ja'far Pishevari was the leader of the group. Two Azeri sentences can be seen in center and each angle of this bill. The signatures of treasurer and economy minister can also be seen on the note.



Ten-Thousand-Rial Bill of Iran's Central Bank with Sample Stamp
After the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran, banknotes of the previous regime having images of Shah, and lion and sun as watermark were all surcharged. The first, second and the third series of the bills were printed in this way; however, in the fourth series images of Shah were replaced by those of Imam Reza's (A.S.) Holy Shrine. Ten-thousand-Rial bill which has got the image of Razavi Shrine on its front and facade of the former building of national consultative parliament on its back is an example of the fourth series of banknotes after the victory of Iran's Islamic Revolution. This bill was signed by Ali Ardalan, economy minister, and Muhammad Ali Molavi, governor of central bank, and was printed with a sample stamp. To examine pattern, color, and final approval, this bill which has got 000000 as its serial number was printed in 1359/1980. Surcharged inscription of "Islamic Republic of Iran" and the emblem of "Islamic Revolution" can be seen on its watermark as well.
 
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